5 Types of Dental Fillings: Which One is the Best?

When it comes to dental health, one of the most common procedures people undergo is dental fillings. Dental fillings are used to treat cavities and restore damaged teeth. However, with several types of dental fillings available, it can be challenging to determine which one is the best choice for your specific needs. An experienced Eugene dentist as you explore dental fillings, aiding your oral health decision-making. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore five different types of dental fillings, their pros and cons, and help you make an informed decision about the best option for your dental health.

Understanding Dental Fillings

Before delving into the types of dental fillings, let’s briefly understand what dental fillings are and why they are essential. Dental fillings are materials used by dentists to fill cavities and repair damaged or decayed teeth. They not only restore the tooth’s appearance and function but also prevent further decay and discomfort.

Dental Filling

Types of Dental Fillings

1. Amalgam Fillings

Amalgam fillings, also known as silver fillings, have been used in dentistry for over a century. They are a blend of various metals, including mercury, silver, tin, and copper. Amalgam fillings are known for their durability and strength, making them suitable for high-stress areas like molars. However, their silver appearance may not be aesthetically pleasing, and some patients have concerns about the mercury content.

2. Composite Fillings

Composite fillings are made of a mixture of resin and fine glass particles, which can be color-matched to your natural teeth. They are an excellent choice for visible teeth due to their natural appearance. Composite fillings bond well with the tooth structure, providing added support. However, they are less durable than amalgam fillings and may require replacement over time.

3. Ceramic Fillings

Ceramic fillings, often referred to as porcelain fillings, are known for their exceptional aesthetics. They can be customized to match the exact shade of your natural teeth, making them virtually indistinguishable. Ceramic fillings are also biocompatible and resistant to staining. However, they are more brittle than other types and may not be suitable for high-stress areas.

4. Glass Ionomer Fillings

Glass ionomer fillings are a blend of acrylic and glass. They are primarily used for pediatric dentistry and as temporary fillings in adults. While they have a natural appearance and release fluoride to help prevent further decay, they are not as durable as other options and may need more frequent replacement.

5. Gold Fillings

Gold fillings, often considered the most durable option, are made of a gold alloy. They are known for their longevity and can last for several decades. Gold fillings are biocompatible and do not corrode. However, their high cost and conspicuous appearance can deter some patients from choosing them.

Choosing the Best Dental Filling

Selecting the best dental filling depends on several factors:

Location of the Tooth: Consider the tooth’s location in your mouth. For back teeth that endure more pressure during chewing, amalgam or gold fillings may be a better choice. For front teeth, composite or ceramic fillings are preferred for their aesthetic appeal.

Budget: Your budget plays a crucial role in your decision. While gold fillings may offer superior durability, they come at a higher cost compared to composite or amalgam fillings.

Aesthetic Concerns: If the appearance of the filling is a significant concern, composite or ceramic fillings are the most suitable options as they can be customized to match your natural teeth.

Allergies or Sensitivities: Some individuals may have allergies or sensitivities to certain filling materials. Discuss any allergies or sensitivities with your dentist to ensure the chosen filling is safe for you.

Longevity: Consider how long you want the filling to last. Gold fillings are known for their longevity, while composite fillings may require periodic replacement.


Choosing the best dental filling type depends on various factors, including the location and size of the cavity, your aesthetic preferences, and your budget. It’s essential to consult with Quest Dental, who can assess your specific needs and recommend the most suitable option for your oral health. Remember that regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices are essential to maintaining the longevity of your dental fillings.

Related Articles

Check back soon for related articles.

Connect with us

We look forward to meeting you. Call 541-688-7278 or request an appointment online to set up your first visit. We’ll be in touch soon.