Tobacco is the main cause of a variety of deadly health problems, including respiratory diseases, heart conditions, and cancer. Smoking and chewing tobacco are responsible for the majority of oral cancer cases.
Mouth cancer is one of the country’s most prevalent forms of cancer, affecting over 30% of cases. Mouth cancer is one of the top three most common cancers, according to statistics. Every hour, on average, over 5 individuals die from oral cancer each day in the United States. As a result, proper oral health care is critical in the prevention of mouth cancers. You’ve come to the correct spot if you’re looking for the top Dentist in Eugene, Oregon.
Oral cancer is a disease in the mouth and throat tissues that develops when malignant cells form. Oral cancer belongs to the category of head and neck cancers, which affects the face and throat regions. This covers malignancies of the lip, tongue, palate, gums, cheeks, and floor of the mouth as well as tobacco use.
Cancer can be identified far in advance and has been shown to result in better, more successful clinical outcomes and even cures in many patients. Mouth cancer’s early phases might appear differently based on the patient. Early symptoms of oral cancer may not always be apparent, and their presence can produce a variety of problems.
Self-exam is highly advised, particularly for smokers and chewers of tobacco products, and if you detect any symptoms that aren’t going away with time, it’s highly suggested that you visit a doctor.
Examine your floor of the mouth, tongue, insides of the gums and palate for any odd lumps, abnormalities, or color changes. If you find any of these items and they don’t go away in three weeks, see a specialist.
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When oral cancer is caught in its early phases, when the tumor/cell mass is little and has not spread, it can be treated successfully. As a result, it’s critical that you visit a specialist as soon as possible if you experience any symptoms or detect any cancer sign.
The early detection of oral cancer is critical since it enables for the right cancer treatment strategy. A careful physical examination of the mouth, tongue, and cheeks for any abnormal growths or tumors is required to spot mouth cancer. If a lesion is discovered, it will be biopsied to look for cancerous cells. Other imaging techniques, such as X-Ray, MRIs, CTs, PET scans or endoscopy may also be utilized to examine other aspects of the body and determine whether cancer has spread if necessary.
Stage 1: The cancer has not spread and the tumor is smaller than 2cm in diameter.
Stage 2:The tumor cells have not yet spread, but the tumor has grown by a few centimeters.
Stage 3: A tumor has grown to more than 4cm in diameter, and it appears that it may have spread to a lymph node.
Stage 4: The tumors are big and cancer cells have spread to adjacent tissues, nodes, or even other locations in the body.
Early detection is, like most other illnesses, critical for better outcomes after therapy. The survival rates for oral cancer in stages 1 and 2 are over 80%, whereas those in stage 3 are around 65%. Stage 4 has a poor prognosis of 30-38% (as compared to around 97% for early-stage nonmelanoma skin cancer).
The treatment selection is determined by the location of the cancer and the stage of detection. Surgery to remove a tumor, radiation, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy are all viable treatments. Patients may require reconstructive operations to restore damaged bones or tissues, as well as rehabilitation services like speech therapy for functional improvement in more advanced phases.